You are here

F7ABBBB - Biomechanics and Biomaterials

Code Completion Credits Range Language
F7ABBBB Z,ZK 4 2P+2L English
Grading of the course requires grading of the following courses:
Mechanics (F7ABBMEC)
Lecturer:
Matej Daniel (guarantor), Patrik Kutílek
Tutor:
Petr Volf, Patrik Kutílek
Supervisor:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection
Synopsis:

The course is intended for all students who need to supplement their knowledge and have a general knowledge about biomechanics and its application in specific practical problems. The content is chosen to be sufficient to understand athe issues in related subjects, especially the subject of Mechanics and Robotics in Medicine. If the student does not choose the subject and has never had the opportunity to complete these basic knowledge, they will be exposed to the risk of misunderstanding the subsequent issues in related subjects, in which this is not taken into account the basic knowledge.

Requirements:

Credit conditions - 70% attendance at seminars, submission of 70% one-page protocols from seminars. The submitted protocols will meet the standards of the formal level and the professional level of the last year of bachelor's studies at the university. The formal and professional level of protocols will be assessed with classification grades A to F, which will be taken into account in the exam (20%).

Exam: fulfillment of credit conditions, demonstration of knowledge corresponding to the lectured material in the form of a written test containing both theoretical (three) and numerical (three) questions. It is possible to get 0.5 or 1 point from each question. The written test will be graded A-F. To get E it is necessary to get at least 3 points, for A it is necessary to get 5 or more points. The final grade will reflect the grade from the final test and protocols submitted during the semester. In the case of an ambiguous classification level A to F, an oral exam will follow.

Exam questions:

Subject of biomechanics and its division, Mathematical and physical methods in biomechanics, Measurement methods in experimental biomechanics, Evaluation of movement in sports biomechanics and rehabilitation, Clinical biomechanics, Biomechanics of musculoskeletal system, Characteristics of biomaterials and biocompatible materials, Definition of biomaterials, Orthopedics and prosthetics design of prostheses,

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Subject of biomechanics and its division: clinical, sports, orthopedic, forensic biomechanics, biomechanics in ergonomics.

2. Mathematical and physical methods in biomechanics, linear algebra, numerical methods, vector algebra, force and moment effects in biomechanics.

3. Measurement methods in experimental biomechanics, strain gauges, electromyography, monitoring systems.

4. Evaluation of movement in sports biomechanics and rehabilitation, anthropometry, description of human body movement,

5. Kinematics and dynamics of motion, work and power, transformation of forces and moments,

6. Biomechanics of gait and stability, biomechanics of upper and lower limbs.

7. Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, cross-sectional characteristics,

8. Methods of loading and deformation evaluation.

9. Stress evaluaton, combined stress materials.

10. Material properties of bones, muscles, ligaments, cartilage and tendons, bone fractures and fixators.

11. Materials in biomechanics and their properties, biomaterials, biocompatibility, bioactive material, composites, sterilization techniques.

12. Models of biomaterials, rheological models of tissues, muscles.

13. Orthopedics and prosthetics - orthopedic and prosthetic aids, methods of treatment, exoprostheses and endoprostheses, implants, bandages,

14. Stress and structural design of prostheses, Intelligent prostheses - EMG signal processing, myoelectric prostheses.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1) Determination of the size and strength of the muscles of the upper limb,

2) Determination of the size and strength of the muscles of the lower limb,

3) Study of middle ear function,

4) Basic rheological models,

5) Ergonomics of sitting and walking,

6) Load on the spine and intervertebral discs,

7) Measurement of torque in biomechanics,

8) Measurement of tensile and bending stress of the structure,

9) Measurement of forces under the feet,

10) Measurement of kinematics and dynamics of a body movement in space using ultrasonic radar,

11) Measurement of kinematics and dynamics of motion using accelerometers,

12) Determining the position of the center of gravity by a stabilometric platform,

13) Measurement of torsional load of the structure,

14) Awarding credits, additional measurement.

Study Objective:

The course is intended for all students who need to supplement their knowledge and have a general knowledge about biomechanics and its application in specific practical problems. The content is chosen to be sufficient to understand athe issues in related subjects, especially the subject of Mechanics and Robotics in Medicine. If the student does not choose the subject and has never had the opportunity to complete these basic knowledge, they will be exposed to the risk of misunderstanding the subsequent issues in related subjects, in which this is not taken into account the basic knowledge.

Study materials:

[1] Ranakrishna S., Huang Z., Kumar V., Batchelor W., Mayer J.: An Introduction to Biocomposites.

[2] Freitas R.,A.: Nanomedicine - Biocompatibility.

[3] Brown B., Smallwood R., Barber D.: Medical physics and biomedical engineering.

[4] Kutílek, P., Žižka, A. Selected Chapters from Experimental Biomechanics. 1. Vydání.Praha: Česká technika - nakladatelství ČVUT, 2012, 165 s., ISBN 978-80-01-05114-6.

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Downloads:

Others: 
AttachmentSize
PDF icon Schedule WS 2022/2023433.51 KB