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F7AMBBB - Biomechanics and Biomaterials

Code Completion Credits Range Language
F7AMBBB Z,ZK 5 2P+2L English
Martin Otáhal, Matej Daniel (guarantor)
Martin Otáhal, Matej Daniel (guarantor)
Department of Natural Sciences

The aim of the course is to introduce students to the areas of biomechanics. These are circuits of clinical, sports and orthopaedic biomechanics. In particular, the students will be introduced to methods of measurement in experimental biomechanics, biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, assessment of movement in biomechanics and rehabilitation, assessment of gait and standing still, assessment of work and performance, force and moment effects, anthropometry, material properties, loading methods, deformation and modelling of biomaterials, rheological models of tissues. Students will also learn about the areas of orthosis and prosthesis design and ergonomics in relation to biomechanics.


Credit conditions - 70% attendance at the exercises, submission of 70% of one-page protocols from the exercises. The submitted protocols will meet the standards of the formal level and professional level of the final year of bachelor studies at the university. The formal and professional level of the protocols will be evaluated by a grading grade of A to F, which will be reflected in the exam (20%).

Examination: fulfillment of the credit requirements, demonstration of knowledge corresponding to the material presented in the form of a written test containing both theoretical questions (three) and numerical examples (three). It is possible to obtain 0.5 or 1 point for each question. The written test will be graded A-F. A minimum of 3 points is required for an E and 5 or more points is required for an A. The final grade will reflect the grade on the final paper and reports turned in during the semester. In the event of an ambiguous grade of A through F, an oral examination will follow.

Exam question outlines:

The subject of biomechanics and its subdivisions, Mathematical and physical methods in biomechanics, Measurement methods in experimental biomechanics, Movement assessment in sports biomechanics and rehabilitation, Clinical biomechanics, Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, Characteristics of biomaterials and biocompatible materials, Definition of biomaterials, Orthotics and prosthetics, Stresses and prosthesis design, Intelligent prostheses

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Subject of biomechanics and its division: clinical, sports, orthopaedic, forensic biomechanics, biomechanics in ergonomics. Mathematical and physical methods in biomechanics, linear algebra, numerical methods, vector algebra, force and moment effects in biomechanics.

2. Measurement methods in experimental biomechanics, strain gauging, electromyography, tracking systems.

3. Evaluation of movement in sports biomechanics and rehabilitation, anthropometry, description of human body movement.

4. Kinematics and dynamics of movement, work and performance, transformations of forces and moments.

5. Biomechanics of gait and stability, biomechanics of upper and lower limbs.

6. Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, cross-sectional characteristics.

7. Loading and deformation modes, stress solutions of the MCP.

8. Material properties of bones, muscles, ligaments, cartilage and tendons, bone fractures and fixators.

9. Biomaterial models, rheological models of tissues, muscles.

10. Materials in biomechanics and their properties, biomaterials, biocompatibility, bioactive materials, composites, sterilization techniques.

11. Orthotics and prosthetics - orthopaedic and prosthetic devices, methods of treatment, exoprostheses and endoprostheses, implants, bandages.

12. Stresses and design of prostheses.

13. Intelligent prostheses - EMG signal processing, myoelectric prostheses.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Determination of the size and strength of the muscles of the upper limb

2. Determine the size and strength of the muscles of the lower limb

3. Study the function of the middle ear

4. Basic rheological models

5. Measurement of instantaneous eye, head and body position in neurology

6. Spinal and intervertebral disc loading

7. Measurement of torque in biomechanics

8. Measurement of motion using camera and inertial system

9. Measurement of forces under the feet on a stepping board

10. Measurement of kinematics and dynamics of a person's movement in space using ultrasonic radar

11. Measurement of kinematics and dynamics of limb movement using accelerometers

12. Determination of the position of the centre of gravity using a stabilometric platform

13. Measurement of the load on lower limb prostheses using a strain gauge

14. Analysis of motion and degrees of freedom of the robotic arm and upper limb

Study Objective:
Study materials:


1.KUTÍLEK, Patrik a Adam ŽIŽKA. Selected chapters from experimental biomechanics. Prague: CTU, 2012. 167 s. ISBN 978-80-01-05114-6.

2.VALENTA, Jaroslav. Biomechanics. 1. vyd. v angl. Prague: Academia, 1993. 594 s. ISBN 80-200-0346-0.


1.DANIEL, Matej a Tomáš MAREŠ. Biomechanics of biomembranes. Vyd. 1. Praha: Česká technika - nakladatelství ČVUT, 2007. 71 s. ISBN 978-80-01-03915-1.

2. RAMAKRISHNA, Seeram et al. An introduction to biocomposites. London: Imperial College Press, ©2004. x, 223 s. ISBN 1-86094-425-6.

3. FREITAS, Robert A. Nanomedicine. Volume IIA, Biocompatibility. Austin: Landes Bioscience, 2003. 348 s. ISBN 1-57059-700-6.

The course is a part of the following study plans: