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F7AMBAF - Applied Physics

Code Completion Credits Range Language
F7AMBAF Z,ZK 5 2P+2C English
Lecturer:
Milan Šiňor (guarantor)
Tutor:
Milan Šiňor (guarantor)
Supervisor:
Department of Natural Sciences
Synopsis:

Fundamentals of thermodynamics, the kinetic theory of gases. Transport phenomena in gases and in liquids. Electromagnetic field and interaction with matter. Electronic structure of atoms and molecules. Physics of low temperatures and superconductivity. Magnetic resonance and its application. Foundations of X-rays diffraction and X-ray structure analysis.

Requirements:
Syllabus of lectures:

1. Fundamentals of thermodynamics, state variables, the first and second law of thermodynamics.

2. The ideal gas. Isothermal, izobaric, izochoric and adiabatic processes.

3. The kinetic theory of gases.

4. Transport phenomena in gases. Real gases.

5. Liquids and transport phenomena in liquids.

6. Electromagnetic field and interaction with matter. Black body radiation and its applications.

7. Electronic structure of atoms and molecules.

8. Quantum theory of transitions in an electromagnetic field.

9. Physics of low temperatures and superconductivity.

10. Magnetic resonance - the principle of the method.

11. Magnetic resonance in condensed matter.

12. Nuclear magnetic resonance in the solid phase and liquids.

13. X-ray structure analysis. Symmetry of crystals and biological objects. Foundations of X-rays diffraction.

14. Determining the structures of crystals, amorphous substances,

partially ordered systems, crystallizing biological substances.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Fundamentals of thermodynamics, state variables, the first and second law of thermodynamics.

2. The ideal gas. Isothermal, izobaric, izochoric and adiabatic processes.

3. The kinetic theory of gases.

4. Transport phenomena in gases. Real gases.

5. Liquids and transport phenomena in liquids.

6. Electromagnetic field and interaction with matter. Black body radiation and its applications.

7. Electronic structure of atoms and molecules.

8. Quantum theory of transitions in an electromagnetic field.

9. Physics of low temperatures and superconductivity.

10. Magnetic resonance - the principle of the method.

11. Magnetic resonance in condensed matter.

12. Nuclear magnetic resonance in the solid phase and liquids.

13. X-ray structure analysis. Symmetry of crystals and biological objects. Foundations of X-rays diffraction.

14. Determining the structures of crystals, amorphous substances, partially ordered systems, crystallizing biological substances.

Study Objective:

The goal is to introduce students to at least a basic level with the nature of some physical phenomena, on which a number of devices, which the students encounter in practice, are based.

Study materials:

Mandatory:

-FEYNMAN, Richard Phillips, Robert B. LEIGHTON a Matthew SANDS. The Feynman lectures on physics. New York: Basic Books, c2010. http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/

-ATKINS, P. W., Julio DE PAULA a James KEELER. Atkins' physical chemistry. Eleventh edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. ISBN 978-0-19-876986-6.

-THORNTON, Stephen T. a Andrew F. REX. Modern physics for scientists and engineers. 3rd ed. Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole, 2006. ISBN 0-534-41781-7.

Recommended::

-KONDEPUDI, D. K. a Ilya PRIGOGINE. Modern thermodynamics: from heat engines to dissipative structures. Second edition. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley, 2015. ISBN 978-1-118-37181-7.

-HRAZDIRA, Ivo a Vojtěch MORNSTEIN. Fundamentals of biophysics and medical technology. 2nd, rev. ed. Brno: Masaryk University, 2012. ISBN 978-80-210-5758-6.

-HORNAK Joseph P. The Basics of MRI. J.P. Hornak, 1996-2019. http://www.cis.rit.edu/htbooks/mri/

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
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