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F7ABBFY2 - Physics II.

Code Completion Credits Range Language
F7ABBFY2 Z,ZK 6 2P+2C+2L English
Lecturer:
Jan Mikšovský (guarantor)
Tutor:
Jan Mikšovský (guarantor)
Supervisor:
Department of Natural Sciences
Synopsis:

The course Physics 2 follows the course Physics 1 and expands the acquired knowledge in the field of electromagnetism and the basics of atomic and nuclear physics and condensed matter physics.

Requirements:

Credit conditions - the credit has a theoretical and practical parts. Successful passing of the theoretical part requires at most two absences from numerical exercises and it is also necessary to obtain at least 60% of points in the credit test. The test consists of five numerical tasks from the topics covered in the seminars. To fulfill the practical part, 100% participation in laboratory exercises and elaboration of all protocols is necessary. Protocols are graded A-F and the average grade from all protocols will be part of the overall classification of the course.

Exam conditions - the exam consists of ten questions evaluated with ten points (maximum 100 points). The questions include both numerical examples and theories covering the topics of the course. Emphasis is placed on understanding the issue and the context.

Syllabus of lectures:

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Physical interactions and worldview. Understanding the physical model to describe reality.

2. Electromagnetic interaction, electric field, charge, Coulomb's law, induction and intensity of el. field

3. Electric potential, energy and work in the electric field, capacity

4. Magnetic field intensity, Lorentz force, particle motion in electric and magnetic fields

5. Magnetic induction, Biot-Savart-Laplace law

6. Magnetic field energy, elmg. induction, current, Ohm's law

7. Transformational and kinetic stresses, inductance

8. Oscillations, waves, condition of origin, their properties, condition of origin, general wave equation, velocity and relation to properties of environment, differential equations of 2nd order, RLC circuit

9. Electromagnetic waves - spectrum, properties and use of different types of radiation

10. Maxwell's equations, Poynting's vector, gradient, divergence, rotation, Laplace operator

11. Black body radiation, Planck's, Wien's, Stefan-Boltzmann's law, photometric quantities

12. Use of electromagnetic spectrum from gamma, X, UV, VIS, IR to radio frequencies, sensors (photomultipliers, semiconductor elements, bolometers), use in healthcare

13. Model of the atom, spectrum of radiation of hydrogen atom, spectroscopy

14. Nuclear radiation, reactions, reactors, accelerators, magnetic resonance

Syllabus of tutorials:

Exercise syllabus:

Seminars:

1. Geometric optics

2. Wave optics

3. Electrostatics - Coulomb law in vacuum and in dielectrics, electric field

4. Electrostatics - electric potential, capacity, capacitance

5. Electric current, Ohm's law, electric circuits

6. work in electric cirucits, Joule heat, electric current in solutions, electrolysis

7. Magnetic field, Amper's law of total current, Lorentz force

8. Time varying electromagnetic field, Faraday's law of induction, inductance

9. Alternting current, RLC circuits

10. Radiometry, photometry

11. Vector analysis, defferential operators. Gauss and Amper's law

12. Maxwell's equations, wave equation, electromagnetic waves

13. Electromagnetic waves, basics of quantum mechanics

14. Credit test

Laboratory practice:

1. Introduction, health and safety, processing of calibration measurements

2. Electrochemical equivalent of copper and Faraday constant

3. Boiling of water under reduced pressure, state behavior of gases

4. Fluid flow, liquid viscosity measurement

5. Problems from ray optics

6. Measurement of transient characteristics

7. Verification of Biot-Savart law, Hall effect

8. Measurement of the breaking angle of a prism with a goniometer, measurement of the refractive index using a goniometer

9. Absorption of ionizing radiation

10. Specific charge of an electron

11. Conduction of electric current in metals

12. Plate capacitor

13. Transformers, inductive measurements

14. Summary

Study Objective:

Students will gain a comprehensive overview of the basics of electromagnetic field physics, electromagnetic waves and the basics of modern physics. They will be able to apply these acquired theoretical skills to practical numerical and laboratory problems. Students will gain an overview of the application of these physical phenomena in medical technology.

Study materials:

Compulsory literature:

[1] HALLIDAY & RESNICK a Jearl WALKER. Fundamentals of physics. 10th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014. ISBN

9781118230718.

Recommended literature:

[1] Physics (Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism). Recorded video lectures and materials at MIT (Massachusetts

Institute of Technology, USA). [online]. Creative Commons License, c2001-2019. Last change: 3.5.2019 [cit. 2019-

04-01]. URL: https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
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