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F7ABBFY1 - Physics I.

NEWS: From the second week of the semester, teaching is switched to a hybrid scheme. Lectures continue online via the MS teams application according to the schedule. Exercises continue online via the MS teams application. The laboratories continue in blocks in december.

Tutorials are available through the Moodle application. https://moodle-vyuka.cvut.cz/?lang=en

Code Completion Credits Range Language
F7ABBFY1 Z,ZK 4 2P+1C+1L English
Lecturer:
Jan Mikšovský (guarantor)
Tutor:
Jan Mikšovský (guarantor), Petr Písařík
Supervisor:
Department of Natural Sciences
Synopsis:

Course Physics 1 is used to repeat and expand the basic knowledge of physics in the field of classical mechanics, thermals and optics, which is needed for further study at FBME CTU. Students will gain theoretical knowledge, the ability to solve numerical problems and practical skills associated with working in laboratories.

Requirements:

Credit conditions - the credit has a theoretical and practical parts. Successful passing of the theoretical part requires at most one absence from numerical exercises and it is also necessary to obtain at least 60% of points in the credit test. The test consists of five numerical tasks from the topics covered in the seminars. To fulfill the practical part, 100% participation in laboratory exercises and elaboration of all protocols is necessary. Protocols are graded A-F and the average grade from all protocols will be part of the overall classification of the course.

Exam conditions - the exam consists of ten questions evaluated with ten points (maximum 100 points). The questions include both numerical examples and theories covering the topics of the course. Emphasis is placed on understanding the issue and the context.

Syllabus of lectures:

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Particle position, coordinate system, motions, vector and scalar quantities and operations with them, SI system, unit conversions, center of mass, average and instantaneous velocity, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion, vertical throw.

2. Motion and force, momentum, equations of motion, Newton's laws, types of forces, composition of forces, momentum, law of conservation of momentum.

3. Work, power, kinetic and potential energy. Work of elastic force, power, law of conservation of mechanical energy. Equilibrium, elasticity, deformation, elasticity, Hooke's law.

4. Gravitational field, gravitational force, Newton's law of gravitation, gravity near the Earth, gravitational potential energy, rockets and satellites, Kepler's laws.

5. Motion of bodies in force field, oblique and horizontal throw, properties of friction forces, resistance force, limit velocity, Newton's formula, Stokes' formula.

6. System of mass points, center of mass, center of gravity, 1st impulse theorem, impulse of force and momentum, collisions - elastic, inelastic.

7. Circular motion, rotational motion, rolling, moment of force, moment of momentum, Steiner's theorem, 2nd impulse theorem, law of conservation of momentum.

8. Oscillating motion and its description, harmonic motion, pendulums, damped oscillator, resonance.

9. Waves, types of waves, successive waves, interference, standing waves, sound, mechanical waves and its properties, ultrasound and its applications

10. Fluids, density and pressure, Pascal's law, Archimedes' law, flow, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation.

11. Thermodynamics, temperature, heat, temperature measurement, temperature scales, thermometers, 1st thermodynamic law.

12. Kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas, Avogadro's constant, kinetic energy of substances, thermal processes in gases, entropy, 2nd law of thermodynamics.

13. Basics of wave optics, basics of geometric optics

14. Properties of optical devices, lasers, special parts of optics

Syllabus of tutorials:

Seminars:

1. Kinematics and dynamics.

2. Kinetic energy, work, power, efficiency.

3. Gravitational field.

4. Mechanics of a rigid body.

5. Oscillations and waves.

6. Liquids and gases, basics of thermodynamics.

7. Summary and credit test.

A Lab exercise:

1. Health and safety, introduction to data processing.

2. Moment of inertia.

3. Measurement of the length of sound waves in the air.

4. Modulus of elasticity.

5. Kinematics and dynamics of bodies.

6. Projectile motion.

7. Pendulum oscillation.

Study Objective:

Students will acquire and deepen their high school knowledge of physics to the university level, which is needed for further study at FBMI, in mechanics, thermals and optics. The study requires mastering theoretical knowledge and practical skills in solving numerical and laboratory problems in school laboratories.

Study materials:

Compulsory literature:

[1] HALLIDAY & RESNICK a Jearl WALKER. Fundamentals of physics. 10th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014. ISBN

9781118230718.

Recommended literature:

[1] Classical Mechanics. Recorded video lectures and materials at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA).

[online]. Creative Commons License, c2001-2019. Last change: 3.5.2019 [cit. 2019-04-01]. URL:

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/8-01sc-classical-mechanics-fall-2016/

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
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