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17AMBZSN - Nuclear Medicine Imaging Systems

Code Completion Credits Range Language
17AMBZSN KZ 2 1+1
Lecturer:
Jiří Hozman (guarantor), Jana Hudzietzová
Tutor:
Jana Hudzietzová
Supervisor:
Department of Biomedical Technology
Synopsis:

The main goal is to give review of the technology for nuclear medicine with accent on the basic physical principles, technology structure, parameters, data processing and application specifics in clinical practice. Students will able to consider of the application of the selected devices for selected purpose in clinical practice.

Requirements:

1. Participation in practical exercises - excursions (80%).

2. Test with 20 questions - multiple choices - 4, one of them is right only. Max. 100 pts (20x5 pts), min. 50 pts. Evaluation of this test based on the ECTS table.

Syllabus of lectures:

Lectures:

1st week Basic principles of the examination. Scintigraphy - detection and instrumental equipment, gas detectors, scintillation and semiconductor detectors, imaging instrumentation.

2nd week Scintillation gamma cameras (Anger type), collimators, multidetector cameras, outline of parameters of imaging devices (spatial resolving power, sensitivity, homogeneity, contrast, quality control), whole-body imaging, tomographic imaging systems.

3rd week Data processing in nuclear medicine - data accumulation (static, dynamic, whole-body and tomographic studies, continuous, matrix and interval recording), accumulation, processing and representation of the data measured.

4th week Data processing in nuclear medicine - analogue and digital images, filtration of images, mathematical processing of images.

5th week Principles of emission tomography 1 - SPECT, radiopharmaceuticals, detection techniques, equipment.

6th week Principles of emission tomography 2 - SPECT, reconstruction of tomographic images, whole-body imaging, spatial resolving power, sensitivity.

7th week Principles of emission tomography 1 - PET (radiopharmaceuticals, detection techniques, equipment).

8th week Principles of emission tomography 2 - PET (reconstruction of tomographic images, whole-body imaging, spatial resolving power, sensitivity).

9th week Hybrid systems, PET/CT, SPECT/CT.

10th week Computerized processing of data in nuclear medicine - tomographic accumulation and reconstruction of data, projection (iterative), fusion and registration of images, statistical decisions (sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic precision).

Syllabus of tutorials:

Exercises:

1st week Repeating and summarizing basic physical phenomena employed in nuclear medicine imaging systems.

2nd week Repeating and summarizing basic physical phenomena employed in nuclear medicine imaging systems.

3rd week Basic units and calculation in the field of imaging systems in nuclear medicine.

4th week Basic units and calculation in the field of imaging systems in nuclear medicine.

5th week Demonstration of processing imaging information from imaging systems in nuclear medicine.

6th week Demonstration of processing imaging information from imaging systems in nuclear medicine.

7th week Demo illustrations of particular parts of the instrumentation in the field of nuclear medicine.

8th week Demo illustrations of particular parts of the instrumentation in the field of nuclear medicine.

9th week Teaching video programme and computerized programme (demonstration of the iterative reconstruction).

10th week Legal and technical aspects in putting the instrumentation in operation and in the course of the operation itself.

Study Objective:

Targets:

to master basic knowledge within the subject to the extent necessary for the performance of the profession in the branch Radiology Assistant.

Study materials:

Mandatory:

[1] POWSNER, Rachel A., Matthew R. PALMER a Edward R. POWSNER. Essentials of nuclear medicine physics and instrumentation. 3rd ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, c2013. ISBN 978-0-470-90550-0.

Recommended:

[2] Webb's physics of medical imaging. 2nd ed. Editor M. A. FLOWER. Boca Raton: CRC, c2012. Series in medical physics and biomedical engineering. ISBN 978-0-7503-0573-0.

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
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