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17AMBZS - Imaging Systems

Code Completion Credits Range Language
17AMBZS Z,ZK 4 2+2
Jiří Hozman (guarantor), Martin Rožánek
Martin Rožánek, Petr Volf
Department of Biomedical Technology

Electromagnetic radiation and relationship to the medical imaging systems. Imaging theory fundamentals. 2D Fourier transform and related applications. Transfer properties of imaging systems. Optical imaging systems. Television (TV) imaging systems (including videoendoscopy and capsule imaging). Fundamentals of image processing. Imaging systems using infrared radiotion (termovision systems). X-ray imaging systems. X-ray TV medical imaging systems. Nuclear medical imaging systems. Ultrasound medical imaging systems. Doppler systems. Computed tomography (basic idea, schematic system arrangement, basic physical principle, development generation, basic principles of reconstruction). Magnetic resonance imaging. Positron emission tomography (PET) and Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).Specialized medical imaging systems. Lectures and laboratory exercises offer to students view on the medical image data formation, on the sensing and scanning principles, on the digitization and processing, on the functional principle and image sensing devices as well. There are very important mutual relationships, which are important from the point of view of subject and study branch interdisciplinarity.


Presence within the all exercises is mandatory. During the exercises are processed Matlab tasks that are required within the assessment with respect to the supervisor instructions. Assessment is required for exam and before the exam.

Exam is based on the written test, where are applied MCQs and open questions (only one answer is right in all cases). Right answer 1 or 5 pts., selection of more answers, i.e. 0 pts., no answer, i.e. 0 pts., bad answer, i.e. 0 pts., min. 50 pts, max. 100 pts, ECTS table applied, 52 questions, i.e. 40 MCQs with 1 pt., 12 open questions with 5 pts., 90 minutes.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Course introduction, conditions for assessment and exam, electromagnetic spectrum and relationship to the medical imaging modalities

2. Transfer properties of the medical imaging systems (MIS)

3. TV imaging systems + Fundamentals of image sensing and digitization

4. Endoscopy medical imaging systems

5. X-ray MIS, X ray TV systems, DDR

6. Infrared MIS, thermovision cameras

7. Computed tomography - principle, detectors, reconstruction pricniples

8. Ultrasound MIS 1st part

9. Ultrasound MIS 2nd part, Doppler systems

10. Magnetic resonance imaging

11. NMI - Anger gamma camera, PET, SPECT

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Introduction into the Matlab, harmonic signal, FFT, Sin and square signal in 1D and 2D, their spectra, brightness and contrast

2. Brightness and contrast perception, histogram equalization, image compression fundamentals, 2D convolution, edge detection principle

3. Modulation transfer function (MTF), relationship to the image quality, MTF evaluation

4. DICOM data

5. X-ray image

6. DSA

7. CT principle, Radon space

8. CT - Back projection, filtered back projection

9. CT - Iterative reconstruction

10. MRI - demonstration in Matlab

11. Practical exercises - X-ray and ultrasound medical image systems (students will be divided into two groups and after the 40 minutes these groups will changed)

12. Practical exercises - infrared (thermovision) and endoscopy medical image systems (students will be divided into two groups and after the 40 minutes these groups will changed)

Study Objective:

To give the students information about physical-technical principles of conventional image formation in imaging systems and tomographical imaging systems. The idea is to

understand limiting principles and parameters of these imaging systems. Based on this understanding, the student will be able to decide whether or not medical doctors requirements are satisfied.

Study materials:

[1] Hozman, J., Roubík, K. Tomographical medical imaging systems - CT - . Educational programme. Praha: AVTC ČVUT, 2002.

[2] Magnetic resonance imaging : physical principles and sequence design / E. Mark Haacke ... [et al.]. - New York : Wiley-Liss, c1999. - xxvii, 914 s. : il. - ISBN 0-471-35128-8.

[3] Essentials of nuclear medicine physics / Rachel A. Powsner, Edward R. Powsner. - Malden : Blackwell, c1998. - ix, 199 s., příl. : il. - ISBN 0-632-04314-8.

[4] The physics of medical imaging / edited by Steve Webb. - Bristol : Institut of Physics, c1988. - xv, 633 s. : il. - ISBN 0-85274-349-1.

[5] Computed tomography : principles, design, artifacts, and recent advances / Jiang Hsieh. - Bellingham : SPIE Press, c2003. - vii, 387 s. : il. - ISBN 0-8194-4425-1.

[6] Estimation of blood velocites using ultrasound : a signal processing approach / Jorgen Arendt Jensen. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1996. - xviii, 317 s. : il. - ISBN 0-521-46484-6.

The course is a part of the following study plans:

Lectures - link: 

Image Sensing and Digitization - Microscopy Imaging Systems - educational SW MIPS |

Principles of BW television systems (educational video - use Save as) |

Principles of color television systems (educational video - use Save as) |

Image sensors (educational video - use Save as) |

Image displays (educational video - use Save as) |

Tomographical Imaging Methods in Medicine – CT (educational video) |