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17AMBZMB - Fundamentals of Molecular Biology

Code Completion Credits Range Language
17AMBZMB Z,ZK 5 2+2
Taťána Jarošíková (guarantor), Marie Lipoldová
Taťána Jarošíková (guarantor), Marie Lipoldová
Department of Natural Sciences

Structure and function of nucleic acids DNA and RNA. Replication, transcription, translation. Protein synthesis, prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression. Structure and function of proteins. Enzymes. Reproduction of cells, cell cycle, cell division. Biotechnology, hybridoma technology. Recombinant DNA vectors, restriction enzymes. Changes in genetic information, mutation. Methods of molecular biology - DNA isolation, centrifugation, electrophoresis, PCR. Flow cytometry. Genetic manipulation - genetic engineering, gene modification, gene splicing.


Credit: 80% attendance, laboratory exercises development, successful management of credit test,

exam: knowledge test

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Structure and function of DNA (the structure of the purine and pyrimidine bases, nucleotides, primary, secondary and tertiary structure of DNA, replication and DNA repair, DNA - the carrier of genetic information, gene structure, chromosome morphology, karyotype). Structure and function of RNA (purine and pyrimidine bases, ribosomal RNA, messenger RNA, transfer RNA, the ribosome structure and function)

2.The central dogma of molecular biology, replication, bacterial genome, eukaryotic genome.

3.The process of transcription, the complexity of eukaryotic genes posttranskripční adjustments

4.4th The process of translation, gene expression and its regulation.

5.Structure and function of proteins, the physico-chemical properties, functions in the organism, cell exporting proteins, immunoglobulins - structure and function

6.Enzymes, enzyme-catalyzed reactions in the cell in the body.

7.Biotechnology training of selected proteins. Hybridoma technology.

8.Recombinant DNA restriction enzymes, PCR - reaction.

9.Changes in genetic information - mutation, mutagens, tumor transformation.

10.Flow cytometry.

11.Cloning of DNA vectors.

12.Analysis of DNA. Isolation of DNA. Centrifugation. Electrophoresis.

13.Genetic engineering. Transgenic organisms - GMOs.

14.Using molecular biology and genetics in clinical medicine. Gene therapy.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1st Safety at work in molecular-biological laboratory. Introduce to techniques and with equipment department of molecular genetics IMG.

2nd Principles of sterilization techniques, working in a sterile box, preparation and reading number of microorganisms.

3rd Working in laminar box, bacterial culture.

4th Principles of immunochemical techniques, ELISA tests.

5th Biochemical analysis of DNA, isolation, centrifugation of samples.

6th -7. Identification of genes by PCR method, two master technician electrophoresis, application samples, readout and evaluation.

Study Objective:

To introduce fundamentals of molecular biology and to explain basic methods and applications of molecular biology.

Study materials:

Espero Publishing- Molecular biology of the cell. Edited by Bruce Alberts. 5th ed. New York, Garland Science, 2008 (anglicky), 2)Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F., Maniatis, T. Molecular Cloning. A laboratory Manual. Second Edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1989 3)

The course is a part of the following study plans:

Additional materials for the combined form of studies: 

Methodological manual or study support: 
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