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17AMBTTE - Television, Thermovision and Endoscopic Imaging Systems

Code Completion Credits Range Language
17AMBTTE KZ 2 1+1
Jiří Hozman (guarantor)
Petr Volf
Department of Biomedical Technology

The history of television technology. Overview of television technology. Viewing scenes (linear transformations in 3D space, viewing lens as colineation, screenings). Picture information (light, photometry, colorimetry, light sources, vision, quantitative description of the image information, the image spectrum). TV system. Physical limitations resolution and correlation characteristics of the image and characteristics of the system. Resolution of the TV system. Creating video signal. Nonstandard TV shooting. Black and white versus color TV system. Applications TV imaging systems in medicine. Physical quantities describing radiation and light. Physical laws of thermal radiator. Principle of operation of the IR system and its diagnostic significance. Specifics of thermography imaging systems. Block diagram. Description of individual blocks and circuits. History endoscopes. Types of endoscopes. Fundamentals of the theory and practice of optical fibers. Flexible fiberscopes. A flexible video endoscope. Special flexible video endoscope (enteroskopy). Light sources for flexible endoscopes. Image sensors used for endoscopes. Image processors. Monitors for video endoscope. Endoscopic - ultrasound systems. Sterilization device. Automatic „washing machine“ for endoscopes. Standard procedures. Possible problems. Imaging capsule. Principle. Block arrangement. Wireless transmission and data processing. Possible complications.


Assessment requirements are the following:

Mandatory attendance at all exercises. Absence is possible only due to serious reasons (substantiated). Set of small tests based on the annoncement. It will be announced in advance as a requirement of knowledge on exercise. There is part of the assessment as written test on 9 issues where the combined option ABC-type answers (always one correct) - 1 point option when you need to respond in writing - 5 points (important issues). There is required to do homeworks as well. Boundary passing the test is 50% within the ECTS grading scale.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Basic Blocks of TV system

2.Imaging system - Lens

3.Image sensor

4.Image processing/ video processing

5.Image compression / video compression

6.Image display

7.Special elements of visual systems

8.Examples of the special cameras

9.Principles of infrared imaging systems (IR)

10.Detailed arrangement and parameters of the IR systems

11.Properties and parameters of the thermal imaging systems

12.Introduction to endoscopy, endoscope systems

13.Description, structure and parameters of the fibroscopes

14.Description, structure and parameters of the videoendoscopes

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Part television systems (below represented tasks presents max. possible range of the exercises and from this list will be selected only some suitable ones):

A1) The digital TV - baud rate

A2) The digital TV - Content multiplex

A3) Analog signals

A4) Colour scanning and folding color image

A5) Colorimetry and color temperature

A6) Monitor calibration

Part of the thermal imaging systems (below represented tasks presents max. possible range of the exercises and from this list will be selected only some suitable ones):

B1) Verification of the physical laws of radiation ACT

B2) Measurement of parameters of industrial thermal imaging cameras

B3) Measurement parameters of professional thermal imaging equipment for medical purposes

Part endoscopic systems (below represented tasks presents max. possible range of the exercises and from this list will be selected only some suitable ones):

C1) Practice - Fibrescopes

C2) Practice - video endoscope

C3) Practice - Accessories

4) Practice - preparation and maintenance of flexible endoscopes

C5) Practice - cleaning and disinfection of flexible endoscopes

Study Objective:

The main objective is to introduce the basic principles of such imaging systems such as TV, IR and endoscopic imaging systems and understand their capabilities and limitations of their specifications.

Study materials:

[1]Oppelt, A. (Ed.): Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, 2005. 636 s.

The course is a part of the following study plans:

Lectures - link: 

Principles of BW television systems (educational video - use Save as) |

Principles of color television systems (educational video - use Save as) |