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17ABBFY1 - Physics I

Code Completion Credits Range Language
17ABBFY1 Z,ZK 5 2+1+1
Lecturer:
Jaroslav Kuba (guarantor)
Tutor:
Jaroslav Kuba (guarantor), Jan Mikšovský
Supervisor:
Department of Natural Sciences
Synopsis:

Physics I course will allow students to acquire and strengthen knowledge in these branches of physics: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. We focus on solid theoretical bases, but independent work in student labs as well as solving practical examples are also important parts of the course. Through the course we also touch the limits of the classical Physics.

Requirements:

Assessment:

1. Completion of lab work and lab reports

2. Not more than 1 absence in computational exercise seminars

3. A grade of at least 60% in the exercise test

Examination:

100 minutes written exam, which includes both numerical exercises and theoretical questions.

Syllabus of lectures:

Outline of lectures:

1. Position of a particle, coordinate system, movements, vector quantities vs. scalar quantities and operations with them, SI system of units and unit conversions, average speed and instant speed, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion, vertical throw.

2. Movement and force, momentum, equations of motion, Newton's laws, types of forces, composition of forces, momentum conversation law.

3. Work, energy, kinetic and potential energies, work of an elastic force, power, mechanical energy conservation law.

4. Gravitation field, gravitation force, Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitation near Earth, potential energy of gravitation field, rockets and satellites, Kepler's laws.

5. Movements of bodies, Projectile motion, Friction force, Limit speed, Newton's formula, Stokes' formula, Circular motion.

6. System of mass points, Center of gravity, First momentum law, Momentum and Impulse, Collisions - elastic and inelastic.

7. Equilibrium, Rotation of rigid bodies, Momentum, Moment of Inertia.

8. Kinetic theory of matter, Molar quantities, Solid state matter - structure: description, deformations, elasticity, Hooke's law, Deformation curve.

9. Structure and properties of liquids, Pascal?s and Archimedes? laws, flow lines, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli?s equation.

10. Thermodynamics, Temperature, Heat, Internal energy, Heat transfer, Three thermodynamics laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Statistical description of phenomena in gases, Entropy.

11. Oscillatory motion, Harmonic motion, Pendulums, Damped oscillator, Resonance.

12. Waves and their types, Travelling waves, Interference, Standing wave, Sound.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Numerical exercises:

1) Oscillation and wave motions.

2) Kinematics and dynamics.

3) Kinetic energy, work, power, efficiency.

4) Gravitational field.

5) Mechanics of solids.

6) Liquids and gases, law of thermodynamics.

7) Final tests.

Laboratory Tasks:

1) Moment of inertia.

2) Speed of sound.

3) Youngs moduli.

4) Kinematics and dynamics.

5) Ballistic curve.

6) Pendulum oscillation.

Study Objective:

Physics I will allow students to acquire and to strengthen a university-level knowledge in the following physics branches: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. The course is mainly focused on solid theoretical bases, but it also contains an important part of independent laboratory experiments and practical examples solving. Throughout the semester, this course reaches to the limits of classical physics.

Study materials:

[1] Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fundamentals of Physics

[2] Recorded video lectures and materials at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), course „Classical Mechanics“,

http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/8-01-physics-i-classical-mechanics-fall-1999/

[3] Feynman Lectures on Physics at California Institute of Technology: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/

[4] Internet resources in the document „Internet Resources for Physics 1 and Physics 2“ published at the course website

Note:
The course is a part of the following study plans:
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